10月10号 – 世界精神卫生日

wxzhwnn:

10.October – World Mental Health Day

Shí yuè shí hào – Shìjiè jīngshén wèishēng rì

世界 shìjiè world
精神卫生 jīngshén wèishēng mental health

Part 1.  Mental disorders. 精神病。

anorexia – 厌食症 yànshízhèng
             厌 – to loathe
             食 – to eat, food
             症 – disease, illness
厌食症不是闹着玩的,不是你想得就能得的。

anxiety – 焦虑(症)jiāolǜ
             焦 – burnt, worried, anxious
             虑 – to think over, to consider, anxiety
             焦虑症发作 – an anxiety attack
             急性焦虑症 (jíxìng) – acute anxiety disorder
大部分人一生中都会经历不同程度的焦虑,但急性焦虑却会让人感到束手无措。

autism – 自闭症 zìbì /孤独症 gūdú
             自 – self, oneself
             闭 – to close, to stop up, to shut, to obstruct
             孤 – lone, lonely
             独 – alone, independent, single, sole, only
自闭症的孩子只是不爱说话、比较孤僻,其实是隐藏的天才。

bipolar disorder – 躁郁症 zào yù zhèng
             躁 – hot-tempered, impatient
             郁 – dense (growth), melancholy
凡高很有可能同时患有癫痫及躁郁症。

dementia – 痴呆症 chīdāi
             痴 – imbecile, sentimental, stupid, foolish, silly
             呆 – foolish, stupid, expressionless, blank, to stay
             老人痴呆症 – Alzheimer’s Disease
痴呆症患者常常无法获得其他人享有的基本权利和自由。

depression – 抑郁症 yìyù
             抑 – to restrain, to restrict, to keep down
世卫组织称,全球范围内,共有超过3.5亿人患有抑郁症,遍布各个年龄组。

obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) – 强迫症 qiángpò
             强 – strong, powerful, vigorous, violent, best in their category
             迫 – to force, to compel, to approach or go towards, urgent, pressing
强迫行为是我们的自我保护方式,并不是坏的东西。

panic attack – 恐慌发作 kǒnghuāngfāzuò
             恐 – afraid, frightened, to fear
             慌 – to get panicky, to lose one’s head
             恐慌 – panic, panicky, panic-stricken
             发作 – to flare-up, to break out
虽然每位病人的恐慌发作时感受都有不同,但有一点是相同的:恐慌发作非常吓人。

phobia – 恐惧症 kǒngjù  
             惧 – to fear
             恐惧 – fear, dread, phobia
患有社交恐惧症的人一想到要见陌生人就发抖。

post-traumatic stress disorder – 创伤后压力紊乱 chuāngshāng hòu yālì wěnluàn
              创 – a wound, cut, injury, trauma
              伤 – to injure, injury, wound
              创伤后 – post-traumatic
              压 – to press, to push down, to keep under (control), pressure
              力 – power, force, strength, ability, strenuously
              压力 – pressure
              紊乱 – disorder, chaos
在美国,每年约3.5%的成人罹患创伤后压力症。

schizophrenia – 精神分裂症 jīngshén fēnliè zhèng
              精神 – spirit, mind, consciousness, thought, mental, psychological
              分裂 – to split up, to divide, to break up, fission, schism
精神分裂症患者通常不知道自己病了。

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